6 4/29/15 chimera essay the process of protein synthesis is to turn the dna to mrna all the dna letters will switch into mrna in order to make the amino acids dna is the material that carries all the information about how a living thing will look and function, and mrna is the template for protein synthesis. In transcription, a section of dna (a gene), carrying the genetic code for the synthesis of a specific protein molecule, is copied into mrna messenger rna then migrates to the cytoplasm where ribosomes are then translating the code to construct the protein. During replication, the dna unwinds, as aided by the dna polymerase, and generates two identical dna molecules in the synthesis of protein, the dna also unwinds and synthesizes the messenger rna or mrna this mrna, then goes to the ribosome and serves as a template for protein synthesis.
In the synthesis of protein, the dna also unwinds and synthesizes the messenger rna or mrna this mrna, then goes to the ribosome and serves as a template for protein synthesis in the ribosome, the genetic information encoded by the dna on the mrna is decoded by the ribosomal rna or rrna. We will write a custom essay sample on dna, mrna, and protein specifically for you for only $1638 $139/page order now a) assume that rna polymerase will read the top strand of dna as the “template” to synthesize mrna assume that rna polymerase will read the top strand of dna as the “template” to synthesize mrna what will be the. Dna transfers rna to proteins which is what makes it part of protein synthesis transcription makes mrna which joins to amino acids and produce proteins in the process called translation transcription is basically the chemical synthesis of rna from a dna template.
Dna is used to store the genetic information for all the proteins in the cell it must first be transcribed by rna polymerases in a process called transcription this produces the mrna strand that is exported out of the nucleus the mrna will be used to actually change the genetic code into protein. Protein synthesis is the process that is concerned with transfer of the information from the triplet code on the dna to ensure the formation of the proteins there are four stages in the formation of the proteins, these are: synthesis of amino acids transcription amino acid activation and translation. When the dna is transcribed into rna 10x, the are 10 rna templates to make protein from so protein can be made 10x as fast so making rna prevents dna damage and provides flexibility in the amount and speed of protein synthesis (see the figure below. A dna transcription unit that is translated into protein contains sequences that direct and regulate protein synthesis (fig 83) in addition to the coding sequence that is translated into protein, there is a regulatory sequence located before (towards the 5′ dna end) the coding sequence, it is called 5′ untranslated region (5’utr) and sequence found towards the 3′ dna end.
Essay about dna, mrna, translation add remove for this assignment, you are to describe the processes involved in making a protein, starting with the dna in the nucleus and ending with the formation of a polypeptide. Dna replication transcription and translation biology essay chapter 5 this chapter briefly outlines the concept of dna replication and intends to make the reader understand how dna replicates itself the details of transcription of dna into rna will also be explained lastly, translation of rna into proteins will be elaborated.
Rna polymerase is the first enzyme in this process and it copies the dna sequence towards the 5' end and copies into mrna rna polymerase binds to the dna at the tata box and starts to unzip the double helix. For the second part of the lab, models of dna, mrna, trna, and amino acids were used to simulate transcription, translation, and protein synthesis word count: 1313 approx pages: 5. Protein synthesis is the process whereby dna encodes for the production of amino acids and proteins it is a very complex and precise process and as proteins make up over half of the dry mass of a cell, it is a vital process to the maintenance, growth and development of the cell.
Protein is made out of a long chain of amino acids it is made in cytoplasm of the cells protein synthesis is dependant of the dna being properly decoded to start the process of protein synthesis a section of the dna unzips exposes the base sequence on the decoding strand. If there was a mutation in the dna sequence above resulting in the following dna sequence, -ctcttagatgga- -gagaatctacct- c) what would be the resulting mrna, assuming rna polymerase will use the dna sequence, – ctcttagatgga –.
Mrna-message on how to make protein rrna- (ribosomes) reads the message to make proteins.
Transcription is the synthesis of rna the information is transcribed from one molecule to the other the rna molecule that results is called messenger rna (mrna) messenger rna carries a genetic message from the dna to the protein-synthesizing part of the cell following transcription is translation translation occurs under the direction of mrna.